MTSS/RTI Tier 2: How Do I Keep Data?
By Jordan Lupton and Ruth Morgan
When students are not making adequate progress receiving core instruction, teachers or support staff supplement the core instruction with additional interventions. This level of additional support is considered MTSS Tier 2. These interventions are delivered in a small group format, and progress monitoring data is used to make adjustments to instruction and intervention.
But what does that progress monitoring data look like?
In addition to academic data collection tools embedded within programs like mClass and AIMsweb, other data methods can be helpful in keeping track of student progress. Additional sources of data include: running records, reading logs, journals, observations, topic tests, etc.
You can also create your own Google form or document to keep track of student data. Ruth Morgan, SLP at Ephesus Elementary, wrote about how to create Google forms and spreadsheets on her blog, Chapel Hill Snippets. Check out her step-by-step instructions here.
If low-tech forms are more your style, design your own Google document table. To make data collection quick and user-friendly, create your form with choices that can be circled. Consider the following example of a weekly data form for a writing intervention for three students:
Whatever method of data collection you choose, make sure you are being mindful of exactly what data you will need to help your students achieve their goals. The goal is not to create extra work for yourself, but to inform your instruction and identify positive changes in student performance
by Mary Kent Hill, M.S., CCC-SLP, Delia Hudson, M.Ed., CCC-SLP and Kara VanHooser, M.S., CCC-SLP
What is vocal hygiene and why is it important?
- Vocal hygiene is a term used to describe the habits and practices that support vocal health.
- Vocal hygiene is important because the muscles used for speech age just as the other parts of our body age.
How do I know if I demonstrate vocal abuse?
- All of us abuse our voices sometimes. Some examples include:
- Screaming or yelling
- Prolonged talking
- Throat clearing or coughing
- Singing in your car/shower
- Grunting while playing sports
- Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke
- Consuming alcohol
- Excessive whispering
How can I practice good vocal hygiene?
- Drink lots of water and/or other non-caffeinated beverages per day.
- Eight, 8 oz glasses of water will do the trick!
- Avoid alcohol consumption
- Alcohol dehydrates and causes a buildup of mucous that will eventually need to be cleared away
- Decrease or eliminate habitual throat clearing
- Try gargling with salt-water in the morning if you have a buildup of mucous.
- Try to use a conversational level of speech
- Face your speaker and try not to yell or whisper
- Don’t smoke!
- Avoid environmental irritants such as strong smells and allergens.
- Avoid spicy food
- Limit excessive talking and singing when your voice is hoarse or tired
- Remember to breathe!